Classical Sanskrit was used by Hindus in India from approximately 500 BCE to 1000 CE. It is now a literary and liturgical language.
|Shown below in various writing systems used for Sanskrit:||Devanagari, Bangla, Burmese/Myanmar, Grantha, Gujarati, Gurmukhi, Kannada, Khmer, Lantsa, Malayalam, Oriya, Phags-pa, Ranjana, Saurashtra, Siddham, Sinhala, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, and Tibetan|
|Also shown using major Latin transliteration schemes:||IAST, Harvard-Kyoto, ISO 15919, ITRANS, and Velthuis|
Devanagari script has been considered the de facto writing system for Sanskrit since the late 1800s. It is shown here with IAST romanization.
Bangla script has historically been used to write Sanskrit in the eastern region of South Asia.
Myanmar script is used to write Sanskrit in Myanmar.
Grantha script was used to write Sanskrit in the Tamil-speaking parts of South Asia until the 1800s.
Gujarati script is sometimes used to write Sanskrit.
Gurmukhi script has been adapted to write Sanskrit.
Kannada script is sometimes used to write Sanskrit.
Khmer script is sometimes used to write Sanskrit in Cambodia.
Lantsa script is most often used for writing the Sanskrit titles of translated texts that have been brought to Tibet from India. It was also commonly used for writing Sanskrit mantras as well as seed syllables. Lantsa was developed around the 11th century from Ranjana script and retains many similarities.
Malayalam script is sometimes used to write Sanskrit.
Oriya script is sometimes used to write Sanskrit.
Phags-pa script has been used to write Sanskrit.
Ranjana script is a Brahmi-derived script developed during the 11th century. It was used until the mid-20th century in India and Nepal by the Newari people to write the Newari language and Sanskrit.
Saurashtra script has been used to write Sanskrit.
Siddham script was used for writing Sanskrit around 600-1200 CE.
Sinhala script is sometimes used to write Sanskrit in Sri Lanka.
Tamil script is used by Tamils to write Sanskrit.
Telugu script has been used to write Sanskrit.
Thai script is sometimes used to write Sanskrit in Thailand.
Tibetan script is used to write Sanskrit in Tibet and Bhutan.
The International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST) is the most popular academic standard for the romanization of Sanskrit. IAST is the de facto standard used in printed publications, like books and magazines.
The Harvard-Kyoto Convention is a system for romanization of Sanskrit and other languages that use the Devanagari script. It is predominantly used in e-mail and for electronic texts.
ISO 15919 is an international standard on the romanization of many Indic scripts.
ITRANS (Indian languages TRANSliteration) is an extension of Harvard-Kyoto. Many webpages and forums are written using ITRANS.
The Velthuis transliteration system wsa developed in 1996 by Frans Velthuis. It is loosely based on IAST but is case insensitive.
Language information at Wikipedia and Ethnologue
Writing system information at Wikipedia and Omniglot
Indian fonts in the Gallery of Unicode Fonts
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